What if architects could design 30 new types of houses to put on Africatown’s vacant lots?
What if the floodplain on the abandoned Josephine Allen public housing site could be purposefully flooded to create an underwater view of the slave ship Clotilda’s illegal human cargo?
What if an unused portion of Mobile County Training School could be restructured for innovative and creative new learning opportunities for children?
How about building the Africatown Yacht Club? And how about connecting other related African-themed projects — from Mobile, to Chickasaw to Prichard — via the existing waterways?
Answers to these questions and more are part of ideas outlined in a fresh new proposal that was formally introduced to Africatown residents at C.H.E.S.S.’s July community meeting.
Master Urban Planner Renee Kemp-Rotan presented the Africatown International Design Idea Competition, an initiative sponsored through a local nonprofit, M.O.V.E. (Making Opportunities Viable for Everyone) Gulf Coast CDC. The Competition is sponsored by the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the National Organization of Minority Architects and Visit Mobile.
M.O.V.E. contracted Kemp-Rotan to weave together Africatown’s many community plans into one comprehensive design framework. The central idea is to make sure the community economically benefits directly from its history, especially now that the Clotilda slave ship’s wreckage has been found.
Africatown’s history can make it a major tourism destination. The new lynching museum (called the Legacy Museum, with the National Memorial for Peace and Justice) in Montgomery had 400,000 visitors in its first year and generated an economic impact of $1.1 billion in the Montgomery area. A similar kind of economic impact related to Africatown’s history could also create new businesses, jobs and tax revenues in the Mobile area. But making sure those businesses, jobs and revenues come to the community will require new sites in Africatown where people can spend money, such as potential new museums, shops, kayak launches and other tourism assets.
Kemp-Rotan told the room of more than 100 people that the Competition’s main goal is for architects and urban planners from around the world to think up designs ideas for 16 sites spread across four venues:
- Site #1 includes the Welcome Center, already funded in part by money from the BP Oil Spill (which could be designed like the African Burial Ground site in New York City), an expansion of the Mobile County Training School, 30 different housing prototypes on vacant lots and a gateway that honors the ancestors facing the Africatown Cemetery;
- Site #2 is the former Josephine Allen public housing site that could feature a boat house and full-scale replica of the Clotilda in its floodplain, underwater sculptures that pay homage to those lost in the Transatlantic Slave Trade, an interpretive museum surrounded by maritime residential housing, and a second gateway;
- Site #3 is the new Africatown Connections Blueway along Three Mile Creek, the Mobile River and Chickasaw (Chicksabogue) Creek, to feature the proposed Africatown Yacht Club (to teach swimming, sailing and boat-building boats), interpretive signage, rest stops and kayaking along the waterway, plus a water transit system designed to transport people up and down the creeks and rivers, and then a third gateway;
- Site #4 is the Africatown USA State Park in Prichard featuring the Benin House project, which includes another interpretive museum focused on the history of Africa, a spa hotel, convention center, and technology and environmental workforce training center, and finally a fourth gateway of return to Africa.
She said existing plans and projects — such as the Welcome Center, the Blueway and the MCTS programs that residents are already working on — have all been incorporated into the Competition’s programming. The community plans and projects can benefit by having their two-dimensional ideas turned into three-dimensional possibilities of what actual buildings could look like.
The Competition is offered at no cost to the community. Yet, it stands to directly benefit from the designs generated by the architects who enter the Competition. Jurors who select the winning architectural designs will include leaders from the Africatown community.
However, it will be the community members who will decide how those designs will be used for possible implementation, Kemp-Rotan said.
“Once the design competition is over, the ball will be in the community’s court. All of the sites are on publicly owned land. You need a community land trust in order to have control and stewardship over the sites,” she said.
She also said the Africatown community must write its own narrative, and use the worldwide attention on Africatown as a way of also developing the people — their artistic, scientific and business talent — as well as the land.
After Kemp-Rotan’s presentation, Anderson Flen, president of the Mobile County Training School Alumni Association, addressed the audience.
He asked the community’s permission to give Renee the go ahead to proceed with the architectural project. There was a resounding “yes” from the crowd.
See Fox10TV news coverage of the presentation, Africatown International Design Idea Competition to help tell Clotilda’s story.
Flen then gave an overview and update on some of the Alumni activities. This includes their work with the Black Scuba Divers (who helped discover the Clotilda) to develop a swimming program that teaches Africatown youth how to swim and dive. He is also working with 19 colleges and universities, including Spring Hill College, to assist efforts to highlight and preserve MCTS history.
He said August 25th is the Bell Ringing Ceremony that begins at 2 p.m., part of a national commemoration of the 400 years since the first African Slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia, in August 1619. His team is working on the audio-visuals so that the ceremony in Africatown can be viewed simultaneously with the ceremony in Jamestown. He also said that December 2 is the day set to unveil the Middle Passage Port Marker Ceremony, presented by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), in Africatown.
Flen also presented to the community Andi Martin, a representative from the Alabama Historical Commission. She said the AHC was filing an “admiralty claim” on the Clotilda ship wreckage. It was necessary to protect high-profile discoveries and make sure the wreckage would remain a public resource. Martin said the claim would be publicized in the newspapers. Anyone coming forward to claim ownership would have to go to court and a judge would have to rule on their claim.
One of the residents asked, if someone did come forward, could they be charged with crimes against humanity for taking their ancestors’ role in going to Africa and bringing the Africans back to America to become slaves, at a time when doing so was illegal?
After Flen’s presentation, dinner was served.
Among those in attendance were Prichard Mayor Jimmie Gardner, Mobile County School Board Commissioner Robert Battles (a long-time Africatown advocate), Rev. Charles Porter, Dr. Joel Lewis Billingsley (descendant of Cudjo Lewis), Mobile Municipal Judge Karlos Finley, and former Mobile Mayor Mike Dow.